Allan Pinkerton

Allan Pinkerton (1819-1884) was the founder of the first modern American detective agency. Born in Scotland, he immigrated to America in the 1840s and began working as a detective in Chicago. He founded the Pinkerton National Detective Agency in 1850 and served as a Union spy during the Civil War, later claiming to have foiled an attempt on President Lincoln's life.

Beginning in 1874, Pinkerton published mystery novels based on his organization's case files, including The Expressman and the Detective (1874) and The Spiritualists and the Detectives (1876), making himself a pioneer not just among real-life detectives, but among fictional ones as well.

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